Our Services

Lookin Eyecare Specialists is an optometry practice that focuses on delivering clear and comfortable vision to our patients. We strive to provide high quality and personalised service.

Eye examinations explained

Eye examinations are vital as they assess the health of your vision and check the ability to focus on and distinguish between objects. In addition, the Optometrist looks for other medical conditions such as age-related Macular Degeneration, Cataracts, Glaucoma, Diabetic Retinopathy (brought on by Diabetes) and hypertension (high-blood pressure). Your eyes show warning signs to the overall health of your body and early diagnosis is key to maintaining your overall health.

Often an eye examination can be extremely daunting! One must undergo a series of tests implemented on large unknown machinery with the chance of being told that your vision needs to be corrected.

While your eye exam will be individually suited to your needs, below is an explanation of what you can expect during the eye examination process to put your mind at ease: Your optometrist will want to know about your overall health! Be ready to talk about any vision or eye issues, medication and family history!

An auto refractor is the first step in the eye examination and is used to determine an individual’s prescription by measuring how light is affected as it reflects through the eyeball. The process is quick and painless for the patient, and the data ensures a baseline to determine the correct eyeglass or contact lens prescription.

This small, lightweight instrument releases a light wisp of air onto the surface of each of your eyes to measure their internal fluid pressure. Through this, your optometrist determines whether you are in danger of developing Glaucoma.

Next, your optometrist takes a photograph of the back of your eyes, which gives them a better idea of any possible eye problems which can be detected and discussed.

This photograph is saved in your file for future reference or comparison with any later photographs, in order that any new changes to your eye health can be identified and monitored.

In the third step your optometrist tries to get a precise measurement of your prescription by shining a light into your eye and observing the reflection (reflex) off your retina. This is particularly helpful for children or people who struggle to describe the clarity of their vision.

After this, you are requested to read a test chart through a machine (Phoropter) that houses different strength lenses. Here, your optometrist modifies their results by testing each eye separately and then both eyes together until you have the clearest vision possible. This will determine the sharpness or clarity of both your near (reading) and distance vision

The next tool your optometrist uses to inspect the health of your eyes is a specialized bright torch. Shining a powerful light into each eye, your optometrist can see the retina at the back of your eye as well as your optic nerve and retinal blood vessels.

The second last step involves an intense microscope focused to shine a thin sheet of light into your eye that can observe your eyes’ front surface. Here, your optometrist looks for imperfections or marks on your cornea, iris and lens. If you wear contact lenses, this is a crucial part of your eye test.

Contact Lens Fitting

Contact lens examinations include procedures to allow your optometrist to thoroughly investigate the health of your eyes and the quality of your vision. If you are a contact lens wearer, it is important to make sure that your lenses fit your eyes and correct your vision properly. Regular eye examinations, about once a year, allow your optometrist to monitor any changes to your vision before they become serious.

In addition to a comprehensive eye examination, a contact lens examination will involve measurements and an initial contact lens fitting. Here is what to expect:

  • An in-depth examination of the surface of your eyes using a biomicroscope. The optometrist will be looking for any irregularities that may contraindicate the fitting of contact lenses.
  • Measurements to determine the curvature of your corneas using a keratometer and/or corneal topographer. A corneal topographer provides extremely precise details about the surface characteristics of the cornea. This instrument is indispensable when lenses are fitted to an irregular shaped cornea.
  • Pupil and iris size measurements.
  • A tear film evaluation to determine the quality of your tear film layer. Although many modern contact lens materials are designed for dry eye, this condition can preclude certain patients from wearing lenses.

Slit-lamp examinations that give your optometrist a magnified view of the structures in your eyes in order to determine their health.

The history of contacts and the improvements they hold for our future are fascinating subjects, since many of us have some form of vision problems.

More and more people are turning to contact lenses made to bring their vision into focus. People’s reasons to wear contact lenses instead of glasses range from active lifestyle choices to cosmetic reasons.

Contact lenses are small prescription lenses, worn in “contact” with the eye. They are designed to correct refractive errors and maintain ocular health. They float on the tear film layer on the surface of the cornea.

Modern contacts are much more than small eye-glass lenses that fit onto your eyes. They do, however, function much like regular eye glasses—refracting and focusing light so that objects appear clearly. Since the lenses stick to the tear fluid on your eye surface, they move naturally with you. This is but one advantage contacts have over glasses.

Types of contacts are not all the same. They are available in different forms, designed to meet different purposes. These forms can range from their “modality,” or how often you change the contacts–say, daily, every two weeks, or monthly. They also fit different needs, such as contacts for astigmatism, contacts for nearsightedness, and more.

Contact lenses come in different strengths or “diopters.” If you wear contacts, take a look at their box or your prescription. You’ll see either plus or minus signs, followed by numbers. Without getting too in-depth, these convey the shape of the lenses. Different shapes correct different vision problems.

Toric lenses, which are more weighted at the bottom, help correct astigmatism. Spherical lenses, which are the same all around, help correct nearsightedness and farsightedness. There are also lenses for monovision, bifocals, and multifocals.

Eye Movement Testing (Evaluate Eye Coordination)

Binocular vision involves the control of both eyes. If your eyes don’t work as one, then this can cause headaches and discomfort, especially when you read, as what you are reading appears to drift and split in two.

As part of our routine optometric examination we do a number of tests to evaluate the coordination of your eyes.

These tests are particularly important for children as demands on their vision are high throughout their school career. If necessary visual training exercises will be introduced.

Fundus Camera

A fundus camera or retinal camera is a specialised low power microscope with an attached camera designed to photograph the interior surface of the eye, including the retina, retinal vessels, macula and fundus of the eye.

Many optometrists take a baseline fundus photograph to compare changes that may occur from one visit to the next.

Eye Pressure tests to test for Glaucoma

There are usually no warning signs of glaucoma until there is already significant vision loss. For this reason, an annual eye examination that includes tonometry is essential to rule out early signs of glaucoma and protect your vision.

A very common test for glaucoma makes use of a non-contact tonometer (NCT). A puff of air is blown onto the eye and then, based on the eye’s resistance to the puff of air the instrument calculates the intraocular pressure. The test is completely painless and takes a few minutes to complete.

Intraocular pressure may vary at different times during the day. If your pressure is found to be higher than normal, you may be asked to return at a different time of day for another reading. If the reading remains high further tests and referral will be indicated.


Glaucoma is a disease caused by increased intraocular pressure (IOP) resulting either from a malformation or malfunction of the eye’s drainage structures. Left untreated, an elevated IOP causes irreversible damage to the optic nerve and retinal fibres resulting in a progressive, permanent loss of vision. However, early detection and treatment can slow, or even halt the progression of the disease.

Because glaucoma does not cause symptoms in most cases, those who are 40 or older should have an annual examination including a measurement of the intraocular pressure. Those who are glaucoma suspects may need additional testing.